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Posted by: - 03-07-2010, 11:10 PM - Forum: Alternative theories - Replies (122)













Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has called on Islamic governments to exert political and economic pressure on Myanmar’s “cruel” government to make it stop a deadly crackdown on minority Rohingya Muslims in the Southeast Asian country.

Speaking on Tuesday, Ayatollah Khamenei urged practical measures by Islamic governments to end the crisis in Myanmar.

“Of course, practical measures don’t mean military deployments. Rather, they (Islamic governments) have to increase their political, economic, and trade pressure on Myanmar’s government and cry out against these crimes in international organizations,” the Leader said.

Myanmar’s government has laid a siege to a western state where the Rohingya are concentrated. There, horrific violence has been taking place against the minority Muslims, according to reports and eyewitnesses.

Soldiers and extremist Buddhists have reportedly been killing or raping the Muslims and setting their homes on fire. The Myanmarese government says 400 people, mostly Muslims, have died in the latest bout of violence. The UN says the actual number likely tops 1,000. Ayatollah Khamenei strongly criticized the silence and inaction of international bodies and self-proclaimed human rights advocates on those ongoing atrocities.

The Leader said the crisis in Myanmar is a political issue and should not be reduced to a religious conflict between Muslims and Buddhists, although he said religious prejudice may have been involved.

“This is a political issue because the party that has been carrying out the atrocities is Myanmar’s government, at the top of which is a cruel woman who has won the Nobel Peace Prize. And with these incidents, the death of the Nobel Peace Prize has been spelled,” he said. Myanmar’s de facto leader, Aung Sang Suu Kyi, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, has taken almost no action to end the deadly violence against the Rohingya in the country’s western Rakhine State. Recently, she said widespread reports of brutal violence against the Muslims were fake news.

Ayatollah Khamenei said the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) should convene to discuss the crisis in Myanmar. 

The Leader said Iran has to be bold in making its stance known. 
“The world today is the world of oppression, and the Islamic Republic has to maintain for itself the honor of speaking out against oppression anywhere in the world, whether in territories occupied by Zionists, or in Bahrain, or Yemen, or Myanmar,” he said.


UN head demands Myanmar government to halt military action in Rakhine state and grant Muslim-minority legal status.

Guterres called on the authorities to allow the UN and NGOs into Rakhine State to provide humanitarian aid 

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called on the Myanmar government to end its military campaign against the Rohingya Muslims, acknowledging that the minority group was being ethnically cleansed in the Buddhist-majority nation. 

Speaking ahead of a closed-door UN Security Council meeting to discuss the humanitarian crisis on Wednesday, Guterres called the situation for the Rohingya refugees "catastrophic" and "completely unacceptable".

Around 370,000 of Myanmar's minority Rohingya population have fled the country's western state of Rakhine into neighbouring Bangladesh in recent weeks, according to the UN.
The violence began on August 25, after Rohingya fighters attacked police posts, prompting a military crackdown.

"I call on the Myanmar authorities to suspend military action, end the violence, uphold the rule of law and recognise the right of return of all those who have had to leave the country," the UN chief said at the press conference in New York. Guterres' comments mirrored those of UN human rights chief Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, who denounced the situation in Myanmar as "a textbook example of ethnic cleansing" on Monday. Al Jazeera's Rosiland Jordan, reporting from the UN headquarters, said it remains to be seen if the Security Council can do anything from a practical standpoint following Wednesday's meeting. "There is a lot of concern here at the UN about the ongoing crisis," she said. "The question is who can be held accountable and can the situation be resolved quickly or is there going to be another looming humanitarian catastrophe." 
Guterres' remarks came as Myanmar's national leader Aung San Suu Kyi cancels her trip to next week's UN General Assembly to deal with the crisis, her office said on Wednesday. She is due to give her first speech on the crisis in a televised address next week.  Suu Kyi has been widely condemned for a lack of moral leadership and compassion in the face of the crisis, denting the Nobel peace laureate's reputation. The secretary-general also said he has spoken to Suu Kyi several times.

Dramatic tragedy
Pressure has been mounting on Myanmar to end the recent surge in violence, with the United States calling for protection of civilians and Bangladesh urging safe zones to enable refugees to go home.

Asked if the situation could be described as ethnic cleansing, Guterres replied: "Well I would answer your question with another question: When one-third of the Rohingya population had to flee the country, could you find a better word to describe it?"  Myanmar's government said on Wednesday that 176 Rohingya villages were completely empty, as residents fled the recent upsurge in violence. "This is a dramatic tragedy," Guterres said. "People are dying and suffering at horrible numbers and we need to stop it. That is my main concern. The government says about 400 people have been killed in the latest fighting in the western state. Guterres called 
on the authorities to allow the UN and NGOs into Rakhine State to provide humanitarian aid. The UN describes the Rohingya as the world's most persecuted people. The Rohingya have suffered years of discrimination and have been denied citizenship in Myanmar since 1982. 

But Guterres said that the Myanmar government should either grant the Rohingya nationality or legal status that would allow them to live a normal life.






Mahboob Alam



The US' top diplomat decries Rohingya suffering but stops short of calling it ethnic cleansing or demanding sanctions.

Depending on who you ask, the Rohingya people in Myanmar are facing ethnic cleansing, genocide, or simply a complicated situation. Myanmar's government has exonerated itself and says accusations against the military are completely false. Many people across the world disagree. Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau calls the plight of the Rohingya a "tremendous concern". US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has also visited Myanmar and denounced "horrific" violence.

What now for the persecuted minority?
Presenter: Mohammed Jamjoom


Matthew Smith - Fortify Rights campaign group
Phil Robertson - Human Rights Watch
Simon Billenness - International Campaign for the Rohingya

Adam Bemma

The repatriation deal does not take Rohingya refugees' rights into consideration, said the European Rohingya Council (ERC). Its Malaysia ambassador, Tengku Emma Zuriana, has spoken out against it. "This repatriation process should not proceed until the safety of the Rohingya [can be] ensured," she said. Malaysia is home to about 150,000 Rohingya. Several non-government organisations held a press conference here on Thursday to discuss the repatriation plan.

The United Nations and United States have stated the violent actions taken by Myanmar's armed forces and "local vigilantes" amount to ethnic cleansing against its Rohingya minority. "This must be a voluntary process, in safety and dignity, and for them to return to their homes - not into camps. And if there's any loss of property and life, it must be compensated fairly," Zuriana said.

Malaysian civil society groups and faith-based organisations urged the Myanmar government to end the violence, and to ensure the safety of the Rohingya living in Rakhine state before any repatriation process begins. The Malaysia Consultative Council of Islamic Organisation (MAPIM) said any repatriation deal must include protection and compensation for Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh who've lost everything amid the heavy-handed "security clearance" operation.

"Even if the agreement has been finalised, we strongly call on the UN to ensure safe passage for the Rohingya to return back to their homes," said MAPIM President Mohd Azmi Abdul Hamid. He went on to ask the international community and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): "What repatriation are they planning to implement when the Rohingya's' lives are totally destroyed?"

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) wanted to remind Bangladesh of past Rohingya repatriations to Myanmar. "[An] estimated 240,000 Rohingya were repatriated by the Bangladesh government under the 1978 agreement, which had a six month time limit. After that, Bangladesh repatriated about 236,000 Rohingya until 2005 under the 1992 agreement," noted MERHROM President Zafar Ahmad. In 2012, Myanmar's armed forces began to force Rohingya into refugee camps, both in Rakhine state and across the border into Bangladesh.

Recent attacks on a police outpost in Rakhine state by the armed group Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) sparked the latest army crackdown. More than 600,000 Rohingya fled their homes into Bangladesh's refugee camps. Hundreds of thousands have fled since late August 

MERHROM wants the UN Security Council to conduct an assessment of the situation in Rakhine state, to ensure military operations against Rohingya have ceased. Myanmar Armed Forces Senior General Min Aung Hlaing has said the Rohingya could return only if they are "real citizens". The UN said on Friday the time wasn't right for a Rohingya return. "At present, conditions in Myanmar's Rakhine state are not in place to enable safe and sustainable returns. Refugees are still fleeing, and many have suffered violence, rape, and deep psychological harm," said Adrian Edwards, a spokesperson for the office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. "It is critical that returns do not take place precipitously or prematurely, without the informed consent of refugees or the basic elements of lasting solutions in place," he added.

Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and Malaysia agree they must be consulted. "Until the Myanmar government is serious to improve the situation, the Bangladesh government should not agree to any repatriation plan," Zuriana said. "The European Rohingya Council is calling [on] Myanmar authorities to grant full citizenship to the Rohingya and review the [1982] citizenship law."

Myanmar forces committed 'widespread rape' of Rohingya

ERC called on the international community to send a clear message to Myanmar that it will not tolerate any further violence. It also said it wants to see the UN observe, support, and monitor all investigations into  human rights violations. Humanitarian agencies providing aid and medical services to the Rohingya in Rakhine state are not allowed to access secured areas, where those most affected need urgent help. Until unhindered access is granted to aid agencies in Rakhine by the Myanmar government, refugee and civil society groups in Malaysia will continue to voice opposition to any agreement, they said.

The concern is Myanmar will force returning Rohingya into displacement camps and settlement zones protected by the same armed forces guilty of carrying out attacks them. "They don't have the freedom to go back home," Zuriana said.


Imagine that your son becomes critically ill, but he is not allowed into the nearest hospital for treatment. You need to travel to the market to earn enough money to put food on the table, but you cannot get the permit required to leave your village. You want to go to school to gain an education, but a government official tells you that people like you are not welcome there. These restrictions are not there for any other reason than because of who you are. Because of your race, your ethnicity and your religion.

This is the daily reality facing hundreds of thousands of people belonging to the Rohingya minority in Myanmar.For months, the world has listened in horror to stories from the more than 600,000 mainly Rohingya who have fled into Bangladesh following the Myanmar security forces' vicious campaign of ethnic cleansing. Soldiers have killed people at random, torched whole villages and committed rape and other acts of sexual violence. But these violations have not happened in a vacuum. Today, Amnesty International is publishing a ground-breaking investigation into the root causes of the current crisis. It reveals the full extent of the state-sponsored and dehumanising system of discrimination facing Rohingya inside their own country.

We have spent the past two years gathering an extensive body of evidence and conducting a thorough legal analysis of the situation in Rakhine state, the western region of Myanmar which is home to the vast majority of Rohingya. Ultimately, we drew the obvious legal conclusion: what the Rohingya are subjected to is nothing short of the crime against humanity that is apartheid. This crime is clearly defined in international law, including in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Myanmar forces committed 'widespread rape' of Rohingya

For the Rohingya still left in Myanmar, life inside Rakhine State resembles an open-air prison. They live under a system of repression that is upheld through an intricate web of laws, policies and practices, imposed by state officials at all levels - township, district, state and nation-wide.

At the heart of the discriminatory policies are extreme restrictions on the Rohingya's' freedom of movement. Across the entire state, Rohingya need official permission to travel between townships. In some areas, they need special permits even to move between villages.

In others, they are essentially under lockdown in their homes every night, and at risk of arrest if they try to leave villages or neighbourhoods without authorisation or outside of curfew hours. 

There are even areas where Rohingya are not allowed to use roads but can only travel by waterways, and then only to other Muslim villages. For those who do obtain permission to travel, a network of checkpoints is a source of endless harassment, extortion and sometimes violence at the hands of the notorious Border Guard Police in northern Rakhine State.

For Rohingya who need medical care, access to the main hospital in the state capital Sittwe is severely restricted, except in extreme emergency cases. Those who do get admitted are kept under police guard in separate "Muslim wards". Rohingya children are largely banned from government schools, while government teachers often refuse to travel to Muslim areas. The restrictions also mean that accessing food or livelihood opportunities is an enormous struggle. Malnutrition and poverty are extremely widespread.

Underpinning this discrimination is the fact that Rohingya have essentially been denied citizenship - and the rights associated with it - since the early 1980s when authorities enacted a law to this effect. But the repression has intensified alarmingly recently - in particular since 2012 when waves of violence between Muslims and Buddhist, who were often supported security officials, swept the region.

Who can protect the Rohingya Muslims?

I have spent the past two years travelling back and forth to Rakhine state and the stories I have heard have been deeply moving. Over and over again, Rohingya and other Muslim communities described their lives in Rakhine State in terms such as living in a cage. I spoke to a 16-year-old girl who, just hours after sitting her school physics exam, told me she had abandoned her dream of becoming a doctor because as a Rohingya she was not allowed to access higher education. Countless people said they were struggling to survive, not the least because the government continues to deny aid groups access to Rakhine state.

What unites almost everyone I spoke to is a profound sense of hopelessness and despair about the future. Many have been trapped in this reality for as long as they can remember, and cannot see a way out. "There is no rule of law here. It is a lawless land... There is no hope," the father of a young man who was killed by border guard police told me.

The only way forward is for the Myanmar government to act immediately to dismantle this appalling regime. A very first step must be to develop a comprehensive action plan to dismantle the system of apartheid, which must include repealing or amending all discriminatory laws and radically changing policies and practices. Crimes against humanity are being committed in Rakhine State on a daily basis. The evidence documented by Amnesty International indicates that these crimes are committed in the context of an institutionalised regime of systematic oppression and domination of a racial group and thus constitute the crime of apartheid.

This cannot be ignored and swept under the carpet. A climate of impunity where human rights violations and crimes go unpunished only serves to perpetuate the cycle of abuse. There must be accountability and those responsible - regardless of rank or position - must be brought to justice. If the government is unwilling and unable to take up this task, which it so far has been, the international community must step in. States must use every diplomatic tool at their disposal to pressure the Myanmar authorities to act now. Donor countries, in particular, must be careful to ensure that development aid is not spent in a way that props up this nightmarish system. The world can no longer stand idle in the face of this 21st century apartheid.

Top Myanmar generals led brutal campaign against Rohingya involving "gravest crimes under international law"

Myanmar's military carried out mass killings and gang rapes of Rohingya with "genocidal intent" and the commander-in-chief and five generals should be prosecuted, UN investigators said on Monday. It was the first time the United Nations explicitly called for Myanmar officials to face genocide charges over their campaign against the Rohingya, and is likely to deepen the Southeast Asian nation's isolation.  The UN mission found Myanmar's armed forces had taken actions that "undoubtedly amount to the gravest crimes under international law", forcing more than 700,000 Rohingya to flee starting in late August 2017.
Speaking in Geneva on Monday, Marzuki Darusman, the mission's chairman, said his researchers amassed evidence based on 875 interviews with witnesses and victims, satellite imagery, and verified photos and videos. Marzuki said victim accounts were "amongst the most shocking human rights violations" he had come across and would "leave a mark on all of us for the rest of our lives".


He described Myanmar's military as having shown "flagrant disregard for lives" and displayed "extreme levels of brutality".  "The Rohingya are in a continuing situation of severe systemic and institutionalised oppression from birth to death," Marzuki said. The UN does not apply the word "genocide" lightly.  Its assessment suggests crimes against the Rohingya could meet the strict legal definition used in places such as Bosnia, Rwanda and Sudan's Darfur region.

'Burning entire villages'

The team cited a "conservative" estimate from aid group Reporters Without Borders that some 10,000 people had been killed in the violence, but outside investigators have had no access to the affected regions, making a precise accounting elusive, if not impossible.  The UN report said military generals, including Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, must face investigation and prosecution for "genocidal intent" in Myanmar's northern Rakhine state, as well as crimes against humanity and other war crimes in the states of Kachin and Shan. The report singled out Myanmar's military, known as the Tatmadaw, but added that other Myanmar security agencies were also involved in abuses. "Military necessity would never justify killing indiscriminately, gang-raping women, assaulting children, and burning entire villages," the report said.  "The Tatmadaw's tactics are consistently and grossly disproportionate to actual security threats, especially in Rakhine state but also in northern Myanmar."

In Rakhine state, there was evidence of extermination and deportation, the report added.
"The crimes in Rakhine state, and the manner in which they were perpetrated, are similar in nature, gravity and scope to those that have allowed genocidal intent to be established in other contexts," the UN mission concluded, adding there was "sufficient information" to prosecute the military's chain of command. 

Christopher Sidoti, a member of the investigatory committee, urged the UN Security Council and General Assembly to act on the report's findings. "We are convinced the international community holds the key to dismantling the destructive veil of impunity in Myanmar," he said.

'This is extremely significant'

Mohammed Jamjoom, Al Jazeera's correspondent in Cox's Bazar   "What we've heard in the report really 

lines up with witness testimonies I've heard here. For most of the past year, when official bodies of governance spoke about the atrocities committed in Rakhine state, they called it ethnic cleansing.  Now there's a very extensive UN fact-finding mission recommending that top tier military officials in Myanmar be prosecuted and investigated for genocide.  When the members of the panel in Geneva laid out their investigation, they said that they conducted 875 interviews, they talked about the destructive veil of impunity in Myanmar and they said that until that is lifted, the cycle of violence in Myanmar will continue.   They said there needs to be a mechanism by which these crimes can be prosecuted and the cycle of violence in Myanmar can be ended.

That's going to be very difficult, we don't know exactly where this goes. At some point, it will be presented to the UN Human Rights Council and then potentially to the UN Security Council.
But we must remember that Myanmar is not a signatory to the Rome Statute, so the International Criminal Court does not have jurisdiction."

Criticism of Aung San Suu Kyi
Investigators compiled a list of suspects, which included Min Aung Hlaing and other military commanders. The mission said a full list of suspects will be made available to any credible body pursuing accountability, adding that the case should be referred to the International Criminal Court, or an ad hoc criminal tribunal.  Myanmar's civilian leadership also drew criticism for its failure to prevent the abuses.  "The State Counsellor, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, has not used her de facto position as Head of Government, nor her moral authority, to stem or prevent the unfolding events in Rakhine State," the report said. 

The Government and the Tatmadaw have fostered a climate in which hate speech thrives, human rights violations are legitimized, and incitement to discrimination and violence facilitated.

The Nobel Peace Prize laureate has been criticised internationally for her failure to speak out against abuses in Rakhine State and has had several human rights awards rescinded for her stance.

The Rohingya: Silent Abuse
In August 2017, Myanmar's armed forces launched a campaign ostensibly against Rohingya armed groups in Rakhine state.  Investigators documented mass killings, the destruction of Rohingya dwellings, and "large-scale" gang rape by Myanmar soldiers.  The UN's report drew praise from the ground in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, where refugee camps have taken in hundreds of thousands of Rohingya from across the border.  "We are happy for this. If these army people are punished the world will take note of it. They are killers. They must be punished," said Mohammed Hasan, 46, who lives in the Kutupalong refugee camp.  "They killed thousands, we have seen that. They torched our homes, that's a fact. They raped our women, that's not false." 


Myanmar’s embattled leader Aung San Suu Kyi has resorted to literature instead of addressing the critical humanitarian issues regarding her country’s persecuted Rohingya Muslim minority in her first public appearance a day after a damning report by the United Nations confirmed that “genocide” had occurred in the country under her watch.  In her speech at the University of Yangon on Tuesday, Suu Kyi discussed poetry and literature instead of reviewing the scathing report compiled by a UN mission and published a day earlier, which concluded that Myanmar’s military had carried out a series of “shocking” rights violations against the Rohingya, including mass killings and gang rapes. 

According to the damning report, the military had carried out "genocide" of the Rohingya in Rakhine state, the home province of majority of the Muslims, and was responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the states of Rakhine, Shan and Kachin. Myanmar generals directed murder, rape, and arson that sent 700,000 Rohingya Muslims fleeing for their lives, but Aung San Suu Kyi reassures us that the generals she knows are "all rather sweet." Not to worry. 

2:52 PM - Aug 21, 2018

In its final report released on Monday, the UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar said the country’s army, led by Commander-in-Chief Senior-General Min Aung Hlaing, had carried out the “gravest crimes” against the Rohingya with “genocidal intent.”  The UN investigators called for an international probe and prosecution of Myanmar’s army chief and five other top military commanders for their crimes.  However, the Myanmar leader, a former Nobel Peace Prize winner, chose instead to stay silent on all issues of politics and made no mention of the shocking report by the world body.

PressTV-Facebook removes Myanmar's military chief
Facebook removes accounts belonging to Myanmar's military chief and a number of other pages related to Myanmar after a UN fact-finding team calls for his prosecution,

Suu Kyi, whose government is now facing mounting calls to be investigated by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes, spent almost all the afternoon chatting with students about the merits of Gone With the Wind, a novel by American writer Margaret Mitchell, and the differences between fiction and non-fiction.

Kitty Holland

Aung San Suu Kyi should be arrested and brought before International War Crimes Tribunal...women and children burnt to death under her watch

10:08 PM - Aug 27, 2018

Last year, Myanmar’s armed forces, backed by Buddhist extremists, launched a state-sponsored crackdown against the Rohingya in Rakhine under the pretext of a number of attacks on military posts blamed on the minority group.

The crackdown, once described by the UN as the textbook example of "ethnic cleansing," forced some 700,000 Rohingya to flee to neighboring Bangladesh, where they are living in overcrowded refugee camps in dire humanitarian conditions.

PressTV-Rohingya rally to mark Myanmar 'genocide' anniversary
Rohingya Muslim refugees in Bangladesh rally to call for "justice" on the anniversary of Myanmar’s deadly crackdown on the minority group.

The new report further lashed out at Myanmar’s de facto leader for failing to give a proper response to the military’s brutalities, which have drawn widespread criticism from the UN and leading international organizations, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.

Myanmar and Bangladesh agreed in January to complete the voluntary repatriation of Rohingya refugees by 2020, followed up by an agreement with the UN last month.  Experts and Rohingya Muslim refugees in Bangladesh say a recent deal falls short of guaranteeing the Muslims’ safe return to Myanmar.

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Posted by: - 05-06-2007, 11:11 AM - Forum: Think Tanks (Rest of the world) - Replies (138)


Waseem Shehzad

Three times in the last 50 years – in 1960, 1971 and 1980 –  the Turkish military has seized power from civilian governments whose policies they deemed unacceptable.  In 1997, Turkey suffered a “soft coup”, when the military forced prime minister Necmeddin Erbakan out of power for being too Islamic.  

A similar intervention seems closer than ever as this issue of Crescent goes to press, after the military reacted angrily to the prospect of Turkey’s foreign minister, Abdullah Gul (pic), becoming president. Gul is a member of the ruling AK party, which is accused of being Islamist.  Apparently more objectionable than Gul’s politics, however, is the fact that his wife, Hayrunissa Gul, wears the hijab, like the majority of Turkish women.  However, Turkey’s secular establishment, led by the army, is firmly anti-hijab; the wearing of hijab is banned in universities and government offices, and the prospective first lady herself led an appeal against the hijab ban to the European Court.

As a result, the voting for the presidency in Parliament has been boycotted by opposition groups (the Turkish president is elected by members of parliament, not by the populace as a whole.)  Nonetheless, in the first round of voting on April 28, Gul won 357 votes, just 10 short of the two-thirds majority required to win the vote.  Two further rounds of voting are due; in the third, a simple majority will be enough. However, it is uncertain whether the military or their political allies, particularly the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), will allow this process to continue.

The establishment’s fear of the hijab was made clear by outgoing president Ahmet Necdet Sezer, whose term ends on May 16.  In a speech at Turkey’s War Academies on April 13, he lashed out against too much religious influence “in the private and social life of the people.”  He warned: “For the first time, the pillars of the secular republic are being openly questioned,” since its establishment by Mustafa Kemal 84 years ago.  

Such sweeping statements reflect the secularists’ lack of confidence despite decades of forcing secularism upon the 70 million Muslim Turks.  Following Sezer’s “warning”, 300,000 Turks, most of them university students chanting anti-government slogans and waving Turkish flags, assembled outside the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal in Ankara on April 14 to denounce the alleged threat to secularism.  Students were bussed in from all over the country on orders of the military, the real power- wielder in Turkey.  An odd assortment of retired generals, led by Eruy Gur, who insist on proclaiming their continued relevance despite having outlived their usefulness, led the march and ranted about the danger posed by Islamic fundamentalists.  If the people of Turkey refuse to become secular, this can hardly be blamed on the ruling party, which has been forced to make painful compromises to accommodate the secular ideologues.  But these are not enough for the fanatics, as is shown by Sezer’s reference to too much religious influence in people’s “private and social life.”

Even the conservative British weekly Economist (no friend of Muslims) was forced to concede (April 19) that “contrary to claims by the hotchpotch of retired generals, nationalists and anti-European Union activists who organised the rally on April 14, many attendees seemed less concerned by Mr Erdogan’s supposedly Islamist agenda than by a general malaise over their future.  This reflects several things: worries over globalisation, violence in neighbouring Iraq, renewed Kurdish separatism, a feeling of being slighted by the EU.  Many are also disgruntled by the rampant corruption of some AK officials that Mr Erdogan has failed to curb.”

Mustafa Akyol of the Turkish Daily News pointed out in his column on April 17 that it is not the state’s business to regulate people’s private or personal lives.  In a similar column earlier (February 7) Akyol had said that “the principle of secularism as explained in Article 24 of the Turkish Constitution decrees among other things that ‘religion or religious feelings’ can’t be used ‘for even partially basing the fundamental, social, economic, political and legal order of the state’.”  He pointed out that the constitution refers to the order of state, not to society or individual life.  However, secular fanatics like Sezer believe it is the state’s business to impose their ideology on others.  As a former judge, Sezer has had a chequered history in the service of secularism, but he has been around far too long even for his own good.  He not only preaches secularism as a principle that should guide human life, he also rewards ideologues who serve this “secularizing mission.” Last year, he gave the annual Atatürk Award to Muazzez  lmiye Çig, a controversial historian.  Sezer was so impressed by this 97-year-old woman’s insulting depiction of Judaism, Christianity and Islam as offshoots of ancient Sumerian sex cults that he considered it worthy of official recognition.  In a few weeks he will be history, but he refuses to depart quietly or with dignity.

The Turkish people are concerned with far more basic issues (employment, inflation, housing, education) than about such nebulous concepts as secularism being in danger.  This is an issue constantly played up by the military: promoters of Kemalism who continue to monopolise a disproportionate portion of state resources, depriving people of their basic needs.  Officially unemployment stands at 11 percent, but most commentators believe it is much higher; 20 percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and most people cannot afford to eat meat.  Petrol prices, at more than US$2 per litre, are among the highest in the world.  The 800,000-strong military, meanwhile, consumes 40 percent of the state’s $115 billion annual budget directly, with numerous perks creamed from other sources.  Even with such large consumption of the state’s resources, it has little to show by way of achievements.  It fusses continuously about imaginary threats from such diverse sources as Russia, Armenia, Iran, the Kurds and Greece, and about Turkey’s being unwelcome in Europe, but is unwilling to show what role it has played in addressing any of these problems.

The European Union, for instance, has cited too much military interference in state affairs as one of the stumbling blocks of Turkey’s EU membership; lack of respect for human rights is another.  These realities are undeniable, yet they are excuses because Ankara has been given a long list of other demands, at the root of which lies Turkey’s Islamic identity.  In moments of candor some Europeans have admitted that Europe as a “Christian” continent cannot accept a Muslim Turkey.  Even so the military, notorious for its abuses of human rights, refuses to back off or mind its own business.  The military chief, general Yasar Buyukanit, referring to Erdogan’s Islamic leanings, said “As a citizen and as a member of the armed forces, we hope that someone who is loyal to the principles of the republic –not just in words but in essence– is elected president.” This was also a veiled attack on Erdogan’s hijab-wearing wife.  After Buyukanit’s statement, a member of the opposition People’s Republican Party rose in the National Assembly to ask why Emine Erdogan continued to wear the hijab!  This criticism will now no doubt also spread to Gul’s wife.

Erdogan has stabilised Turkey’s economy considerably, but major problems persist.  Unproductive state enterprises have been put on the block and exports have increased to more than $73 billion annually.  Imports, however, continue to rise and are well over $102 billion, creating a trade deficit and taking the country’s external debt to $170 billion.  Although the country has reserves of $52 billion (a respectable sum), its agriculture-based economy, which accounts for 36 percent of earnings, is vulnerable.  Industrial production accounts for 22.8 percent, while the service sector brings in another 41.2 percent with tourism playing a large part.  The Turkish lira was so low in value compared to the dollar ($1 equaled 1.3 million liras) that people found it difficult to write cheques.  The government revalued the lira by slashing six zeroes from it.  The new currency, however, has made little difference:  people’s earnings remain low; most workers earn less than $450 a month. Junior university professors, for instance, earn between $800 and $1,000 per month, amounts so low that few can make ends meet.

Despite such problems, the direct result of too much spending on the military, and of the secularists’ stubbornness, there is not even a hint that they are prepared to provide space for a civil society to operate on its own preferences.  The secular ideologues insist on forcing a reluctant people to march to their beat but have no idea how to address the country’s economic or social problems.  It is these contradictions that have turned a country of otherwise hardworking people into a marginal adjunct of Europe instead of a vibrant and leading part of the heartlands of the Muslim world.


If a country’s architecture can be taken as indicating its status in the world, that of Istanbul reflects fairly accurately both Turkey’s past and its present. While the grandeur of its historic buildings are vivid reminders of past glories, the blandness of its contemporary buildings–concrete and glass boxes–reflects the disrupting influence and ultimate vacuousness of its Westernization.

Less than a century ago Istanbul was the capital of a world power that had ruled a vast empire for nearly four centuries, since the capture of the Byzantine capital Constantinople by Sultan Mehmet II (1432-1481CE), better known as Sultan Fatih, in 1453.  Renamed Istanbul, and symbolically bridging the gap between Europe and Asia, the city became the capital of a new empire that carried Islam deep into Europe, and ruled Muslim societies in three continents.  Today, the city boasts some of the greatest monuments of Islamic architecture. The Blue Mosque, commissioned by Sultan Ahmet I and designed by Sedefkar Ahmet Agha, one of the most brilliant students of the great architect Mirmar Sinan, and built between 1609-1616, stands majestically opposite the Aya Sofia and Topkapi museums, flanked by the Marmara Sea to the south and the Golden Horn to the east. Topkapi–meaning the cannon gate–was built by Sultan Mehmet II in 1467 and served as the official residence and court of the sultans until 1839, when Sultan Abdulmecit I moved to the new palace of Dolmabahace on the Bosphorus Sea. It was later converted into a museum, which now houses several relics of the noble Prophet, upon whom be peace, including the original letter he sent to the Roman governor of Egypt, Muqaiqoos, one of his swords, and a sword that he gave to Khalid ibn Walid (ra), the companion famed as a brilliant general who led the early Muslims to many victories.

Istanbul’s other great monument is the Eyup Sultan Mosque, named after the companion Ayub Ansari (ra), in whose house the noble Prophet (saw) initially resided in Madinah after his migration from Makkah, until a modest house was built for him. Ayub Ansari (ra) is buried in a compound alongside the mosque. His grave is carefully preserved and visitors can view it through an outer railing. Worshippers and visitors throng the mosque at all times of the day and night, but the most moving scenes are witnessed during fajr (morning) and isha (night) salats. One cannot help but contrast the respect shown by the Turks to the memory of Ayub Ansari (ra) with the vandalism of historic sites in the Hijaz by the Saudis. Jannatul Maula in Makkah, Jannatul Baqi in Madinah and the cemetery of the shuhada’ at Uhud are all in a sorry state. The Prophet’s first wife Khadijah (ra) is buried in Jannatul Maula, but it suffers from neglect; it is virtually impossible to locate the grave of this illustrious mother of the believers, the first person to accept Islam. Jannatul Baqi, where numerous companions of the Prophet (saw) and members of his family are buried, has suffered even more. On the spurious pretext of the risk of shirk, the Saudis have destroyed almost all the Islamic historical sites of Makkah and Madinah, while carefully preserving relics of their own sorry history, such as the tip of the spear that was lodged in the door of the Mismak fortress when Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, founder of the Saudi dynasty struck it.  After their conquest of the Hijaz in 1924, the Saudis embarked upon wholesale destruction of historic buildings and monuments.  In the name of development, concrete monstrosities now tower above even the Ka’aba, and the Masjid al-Haram is surrounded by hotels and shopping malls apparently modelled on New York or Los Angeles.  McDonalds and Pizza Hut stores, and other symbols of Western consumerism, stand in stark contrast to the spirituality of the Haram. Traffic congestion and noise add to the distractions from the spiritual journey that pilgrims aspire to while circumambulating the Ka‘aba or running between the hills of Safa’ and Marwa.

By contrast, the Turks should be proud that the Ottomans went to extraordinary lengths to preserve Islamic monuments, especially those relating to the time of the Prophet (saw) and his companions (ra), when they ruled the Haramain.  But like the Saudis, Turkey’s secular rulers are today determined to destroy their own Islamic heritage in the name of modernization and  progress. The establishment in Turkey suffers from a severe crisis of identity: it wants to abandon its glorious past in order to adopt the West’s lifestyle and habits. It is one of the few countries in the world where hijab is officially banned in government offices and universities. Even the Islam-hating West does not go to such extremes. Bizarrely, the wife of the prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, is barred from attending state functions at the presidential palace because she chooses to wear hijab, while Turkish law prohibits hijab at official events.

What Turkey’s generals fail to understand is that when Turkey held the banner of Islam, it was the leader of the Muslim world; by adopting secularism and imitating the West, it has become the sick man of Europe, facing an uncertain future. But the fact that the vast majority of Turkish women continue to wear hijab reflects a commitment to Islam among  ordinary Turks that decades of aggressive secularism have failed to obliterate. This commitment holds out the hope that Istanbul might yet again emerge as a centre of Islamic civilization and power, and a source of inspiration for all Muslims, insha’Allah.

The July elections in Turkey have clearly demonstrated once again, Turkey’s sham political system which many western politicians and commentators continually promote as the ideal model for the Muslim world. The crisis in Turkey concerning the presidency and the role of Islam in politics represents the trend in the Muslim world as a whole. Some feel that the vociferous opposition expressed in the streets of Ankara, and in the military headquarters last May, seems to indicate that Mustafa Kemal’s secular legacy is safe for the time being. However, the real story is of a country in transition, slowly being transformed as part of a wider dynamic across the Muslim world.

The cause of this crisis was the decision of the ruling Justice and Development party (AKP) to put forward Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and then the foreign minister Abdullah Gul, as candidates for the post of president. The presidential office is the apex of the staunchly secular political system established by Mustafa Kemal in the aftermath of World War I. Turkey had been the seat of the Caliphate until Kemal banished the Ottoman Caliph and his relatives in 1924. Hence, there are unique sensitivities towards any hint of the return of Islamic politics. Due to this legacy, the green-tinged secularism of the AKP, who invoke religion less frequently than the Christian Democrats in Germany, is treated as the spearhead of an Islamic challenge to the Kemalist system. In a country where the majority of women wear the Islamic headscarf, the greatest indication of the ‘Islamist menace’ is the fact that Gul’s wife, Hayrünnisa Özyurt also wears the hijab.

The major demonstrations on April 14th and 29th drew crowds of three hundred thousand and then up to a million. Such numbers are usually associated with widespread mobilisation of the masses, when a regime is on its last legs. In recent times we have seen similar numbers in the ‘colour’ revolutions of Eastern Europe. In Turkey’s case however the dynamics of these demonstrations of ‘people power’ are vastly different. Rather than representing the coalescence of the masses facing down the state, the demonstrators had the full backing of the establishment. One of the main organisations behind the protests was the Ataturk Thought Association (ADD), which is closely linked to the army.

Sener Eruygur, president of the ADD, is the former head of the country’s paramilitary forces. He has been linked in recent months to a plan, allegedly formed by senior officers to launch a coup against the AKP government. Due to the international climate, it is clear that the Turkish military cannot overthrow the government without serious diplomatic consequences. However media-friendly rallies mask the mobilisation of elite power with an acceptable veneer of popular outrage.

In reality, the opposition to the AKP candidacy is much more about fear than anger. Sadly, it is a fear of the majority of the Turkish people and their Islamic sentiments that is motivating this opposition. As one protestor remarked of the religious Muslims moving into her wealthy area of Istanbul “They have started to look down on us…they are trying to be part of the ruling class.” It seems strange to such protestors that people who do not meet their standards of civilisation and refinement should have, in their view the temerity to influence political life in their country, just because they represent the sentiment of the majority.

In recent years, the largely ceremonial post of president has become akin to a gatekeeper engaged in a secular crusade, rejecting appointments to academic and civil service posts if the candidates are “excessively” religious. As the Islamic identity of Turkey’s people has become more pronounced, the state has become more active in vetoing such appointments; hundreds of officers are removed from the armed forces each year and particular attention is devoted to the upper echelons of the judiciary and central government.

The political crisis in Turkey is part of a broader picture being drawn out across the Islamic world. As the poll conducted by worldpublicopinion.org for the University of Maryland shows, a large majority of Muslims support the implementation of Shari’ah law within, and the unification of Muslim countries into one Caliphate. The elite in Turkey are facing a similar problem to their counterparts in other countries. Imbibing secular western values since their childhood, they are simply unable to relate to the values of the overwhelming majority of their countrymen. The predominant beliefs, values and traditions are so alien to them that they regard the broad mass of their population with a mix of fear and disgust. An inevitable result of this is that whenever the population have the chance to express their sentiments, the elite find themselves repelled by what they hear. Frustrated by their own illogical arguments and rejected by a Europe that has shown its anti Islamic credentials, the ruling elites lash out wildly at their own countrymen.

It is clear that liberal secularism increasingly shown as ineffective in western nations has no future in the Muslim world as the latter move towards an Islamic system more in tune with their religious beliefs, history and heritage. Within such a system, Muslims elect their ruler, there is accountability and the ability to criticise officials no matter their position, an independent judiciary, a rule of law, a strong obligation to eliminate poverty and the fruits of modern technology and science. In addition Islamic texts clearly reject eighteenth century western doctrines of liberal secularism (the detachment of religion from public legislation) or the privatisation of vital resources such as water and energy, as well as the failed laissez faire social model. Islam also comprehensively rejects the flawed basis of political unity being achieved through the destructive force of nationalism; an anachronistic throwback to the nineteenth century. As the Muslim world moves beyond the false bonds of race, the secular world retreats back to the dark ages of Westphalian nation state supremacy and patriotic concepts such as being proud to be Turkish.

Turkey was the capital of a superpower once, the centre of a flourishing civilisation with Islam at its centre. Today it begs European states such as Greece and Cyprus to pass it some crumbs from the ‘grown-ups’ table. No wonder an increasing number of people believe Kemalism belongs more to a museum than in a modern 21st century state.


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Posted by: - 08-27-2006, 09:59 AM - Forum: Western - Replies (301)


On September 6, 2006, in this moment of the greatest strategic crisis since 1989, the LaRouche Political Action Committee (LPAC) will be featuring former U.S. Presidential candidate and noted economist Lyndon H. LaRouche leading a three-hour international webcast, during which he will summarize, and discuss, a fifty-year, positive strategic perspective for dealing immediately with the currently combined, and rapidly worsening threats of economic-financial breakdown-crisis and of generalized asymmetric warfare, now gripping the world system.

LaRouche, who is famous for his unique October 12, 1988 Berlin Kempinski Hotel press conference forecasting the then imminent chain-reaction break-up of the Comecon and ensuing economic crisis of the Soviet system itself, will be speaking from Berlin, again, on September 6 at 16:00 Central European time, to selected international audiences of dignitaries and relevant other persons assembled for this occasion in Berlin and Washington, D.C..

He will be speaking in his capacity as a senior political figure of current significance within the crisis-stricken U.S. political process.

LaRouche's report, to be delivered from Berlin at that time, will focus on the special, global strategic implications for the Federal Republic of Germany's Berlin in its clearly emerging potential role, as a central European hub of long-term, Eurasia-wide cooperation among western and central Europe, Russia, China, and India, in a fifty-year perspective of cooperative mutual development.

The theme of the report will be that U.S., Franklin Roosevelt-style cooperation with a Eurasian economic-development effort, is the visible, positive alternative to the combined, and interrelated, immediate threats of a general breakdown-crisis of the present world monetary-financial system and the generalized asymmetric warfare implied by the presently deteriorating strategic situation in Southwest Asia.

The objective of the Berlin address, is to present a relevant European audience with the existence of such a potential early initiative for cooperation with Eurasian nations from what is admittedly, now, an internally crisis-ridden U.S.A. itself.

LaRouche emphasizes that the presently onrushing breakdown-crisis of the present world monetary-financial system were presently inevitable, unless an early general reorganization of the system brings in actions which will postpone the present disaster for long enough to permit the creation of a new system incorporating the most notable of the successful features of the original intentions for the Bretton Woods system. He emphasizes that solutions to the kinds of combined economic, monetary-financial, and asymmetric-warfare onrushing today can not be negative ones, but must be based, in the spirit of the successful 1648 Westphalian Treaty, on a clear, positive, and long-ranging alternative.

He emphasizes that the mess which the presently combined world economic and conflict crisis represents, could not be solved except through mobilizing a general economic recovery through long-term investments based on one-to-two generation agreements of physical-economic cooperation. For this purpose, the Eurasian continent represents the center of the potential for rising capital formation for world economic development for fifty years to come, and beyond. Cooperation of the U.S.A. with that development is indispensable for the successful launching of such urgently needed perspectives now.

As the Westphalian treaty should remind us, only agreement to a hopeful, feasible, and practical remedy could muster nations and their peoples to turn back the tide against a menace of rising mutual hatreds as grave and immediate as that threatening the world as a whole today. To bring people, who have been brought to hate one another increasingly, to peaceful cooperation, the effort must flow from the clear perception of great advantages in the common interest of them all. The economic recovery of a presently gravely endangered planet as a whole, is the needed perception for conquering the presently onrushing and accelerating, existential crisis of our planet today.



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Posted by: - 08-23-2006, 11:07 PM - Forum: Think Tanks (Rest of the world) - Replies (375)

Farahat Al Abbar
Khamenei called for drawing up a practical charter for achieving Muslim solidarity.

CAIRO — Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has reiterated Iran's support for a call by the International Union for Muslim Scholars (IUMS) to bring together religious authorities of different Muslim sects to probe means of closing the Muslim ranks and uprooting sectarianism.

"Khamenei extolled the call by the IUMS and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) to organize a conference bringing together religious authorities of the different Muslim sects with the aim of clarifying the religious stance on such practices and ending such malicious crimes," the Dublin-based IUMS said in a statement faxed to IslamOnline.net.

During his meeting with the IUMS delegation on the sidelines of the 19th International Conference on the Islamic Unity, currently hosted by Tehran, Khamenei pledged that the major Shiite country would throw its weight behind the drive.

He also voiced hope that the proposed conference "would result in a statement signed by all religious authorities calling for closing ranks and stemming division".

The Iranian supreme leader further pledged to personally champion efforts to issue such a statement.

The delegation included IUMS deputy secretary generals Sheikh Ahmad Bin Hamad Al-Khalili and Ayatollah Muhammad `Ali At-Taskhiri as well as Dr. Ali Muhyealdin Al-Quradaghi, a member of IUMS board of trustees and Vice Chairman of IslamOnline.net's Board of Directors.

The Dublin-based IUMS was launched in July, 2004 , in the British capital London as an independent body and a reference for all Muslims worldwide.

Muslim Charter

Khamenei called on Muslim scholars, intellectuals and political leaders to join hands to foster unity in the Muslim world.

"The religious and political leaders are expected to propagate Islamic solidarity among several million strong followers of Islam and with reliance upon the large Muslim population, they should pave the way for progress and scientific achievements," he said.

The Iranian supreme leader stressed that enemies of Islam were conspiring to sow discord among Muslims.

"In the campaign against discord among the Muslims, we should take practical steps not merely by words in a bid to foster solidarity which is a requirement for the economic, cultural and political progress of Muslims throughout the world."

He also pressed for drawing up a practical charter for achieving Muslim solidarity.

Sectarian tensions flare up every now and then between Sunnis and Shiites in some parts of the Muslim world, including Pakistan.

Iraq has also been plagued by a series of Shiite-Sunni attacks, amid warning that the Arab country was on the verge of a civil war.

The IUMS has urged Iraq's revered Sunni and Shiite scholars to shoulder their responsibility in stemming sectarian-based blood shedding.

It vowed to form a team of its scholars to map out a complete plan to end sectarian tension in Iraq.


"The Shiite proselytizing in areas with heavy Sunni populations is dangerous and throws a spanner in unity efforts," Qaradawi said.

DOHA — Prominent scholar Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi has called on Shiites to stop proselytizing Sunnis, imploring both communities to close ranks and stand united to face daunting challenges ahead.
"The Shiite proselytizing in areas with heavy Sunni populations is dangerous and throws a spanner in unity efforts," Qaradawi told the first Doha Conference for Dialogue of Islamic Schools of Thought, which opened Saturday, January 20.

Qaradawi, the head of the International Union for Muslim Scholars (IUMS), said Sunnis, a majority in the Muslim world, have taken the initiative and issued fatwas that recognized the Shiite Jaafari school, unlike Shiites.

He cautioned that proselytizing sows division and stands as a stumbling bloc to denominational proximity.

Qaradawi cited an example of Iranian diplomats who spread books promulgating the Shiite belief in Sudan, which was confirmed by Sudanese Minister of Awqaf (religious endowments) Esam Al-Bashir, who attends the conference.

But Iranian Shiite scholar Ayatollah Mohammad Ali Taskhiri, the head of the Islamic Culture and Communications Organization (ICCO), rejected Qaradawi's proselytizing charges.

"Sunnis should instead stop proselytizing Shiites," he said, urging Sunni scholars to stop branding Shiites as "infidels" due to dogmatic differences.

Ali Azrship, head of the Iranian-Arab Cultural Studies Center in Iran, said he did not expect such remarks from Qaradawi, which he says do not help Muslim dialogue.

The three-day conference is held under the theme "Schools of Thoughts & Contemporary Challenges".

The event is organized by the Qatari College of Sharia`h in cooperation with Al-Azhar University and the World Forum for Proximity of Islamic Schools of Thought.

It has drawn more than 200 delegates from over 40 countries, including Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, head of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), Ali Gomaa, the Grand Mufti of Egypt, and Egypt's Religious Endowments Minister Mahmoud Hamdi Zakzouk.

Insulting Companions

Qaradawi criticized some Shiites for repeatedly insulting the Companions of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him).

"How can I shake hands with those who are swearing at the Companions? It is the Companions who brought Islam to Iran, so why the rudeness?"

He rejected Shiite claims that Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab was responsible for the killing of the prophet's daughter and wife of Imam Ali, Fatima Al-Zahra.

"Both Shiites and Sunnis should remove any provocative remarks from their discourse and curricula," insisted Qaradawi.

He urged Sunni and Shiite scholars worldwide to engage in a candid dialogue to bridge the gap between the two schools and end differences that stoke sectarian sedition.

"We are trying our best to bridge the gap between different religions, so why don't we do the same to bridge the gap between the followers of the Muslim faith?" Qaradawi wondered.

Bashir, the Sudanese minister, also criticized Shiite insults of the Companions.

"I tell those Shiites who swear at the Companions to model them after Kuwaiti Shiites and Sunnis, who established a society revering the Companions," he said.

Iraq Violence

Qaradawi said Muslim scholars cannot stand idly vis-à-vis the raging sectarian violence in Iraq with Sunnis taking the brunt.

"There are attempts to change the demography of (the Iraqi capital) Baghdad to force Sunnis out," he charged.

Adnan Al-Dulaimi, the leader of the Sunni National Accord Front, has recently accused Shiite militias of trying to change Baghdad's Sunni demography through waves of sectarian killings and forcible evacuations.

"This plot is based on killing and intimidating Sunnis, forcing them into a panicky flight from Baghdad and its suburbs to change the demography," he told IslamOnline.net.

The UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) said earlier this month around 12 percent of Iraqis have fled their homes as a result of the sectarian violence that engulfed the country following the US-led invasion in 2003.

Qaradawi hit out at "black hatred" of Shiite death squads who grisly torture Sunnis before killing them.

The Pentagon, in a recent report, described the Shiite Mahdi Army militia as the biggest threat to Iraq's security and the main culprit behind the surge in civilian deaths.

Iraq's most revered Shiite scholar Grand Ayatollah Ali Al-Sistani has admitted his inability to prevent a civil war in Iraq, lamenting that he no longer as an influence on Shiites who have switched allegiance to militant groups and death squads.

Almost 34,000 Iraqi civilians died last year as the sectarian violence reached new heights, above all in Baghdad.

Iran's Role

The conference has drawn 200 scholars from all over the world. (IOL)  
Qaradawi asserted that Iran does have the power to extinguish the sectarian fire in Iraq.

"There is no doubt that Iran has power and influence...and can stop this turmoil and put out this fire...before it is too late," he said.

"It is high time the Shiites distanced themselves from what's going on in Iraq," said Qaradawi, noting that he made fervent calls to top Shiite scholars like Iran's Supreme Guide Ali Khamenei to intervene.

"The power which is hostile to Islam...is plotting to divide this nation along ethnic, denominational and territorial lines," said Qaradawi without specifying the power in question.

Earlier this month, Qaradawi urged Khamenei and top Iranian scholars to do something and stop the systematic killing of Iraqi Sunnis.

"Otherwise," he said, "Sunnis worldwide would accuse them of complicity."

Qatar's Deputy Prime Minister Sheikh Abdullah Bin Hamad el-Attaiya said sectarian divisions are the greatest challenge facing the Muslim nation.

He urged Shiites and Sunnis to take into their strides politically-motivated differences, which are exploited by others to serve their interests.

Ihsanoglu, the OIC's chief, said the Muslim nation is in a dire need to cement its unity, regretting that sectarian conflicts had become a fact of life that spells grave consequences for Muslims worldwide.

"I fear that the bloody sectarian differences between Muslims would turn into political conflicts."


Mustafa Abdel-Gawwad

"We have agreed a number of constructive steps to bolster the bonds of Islamic fraternity between Sunnis and Shiites," Awa told IOL.

CAIRO — The International Union for Muslim Scholars (IUMS) and Iran have agreed a series of steps, to be soon made public, to bridge the Sunni-Shiite divide and defuse raising sectarian tension.
"We have agreed a number of constructive steps to bolster the bonds of Islamic fraternity between Sunnis and Shiites," Mohamed Salim Awa, IUMS Secretary General, told IslamOnline.net on Wednesday, January 31.

The first of the agreed steps would see light in a fortnight, he expected, declining to give further details.

Awa said the agreement was reached during a visit by an IUMS delegation to Tehran this week.

"The delegation held talks with Iranian officials on containing the rising tension between the two main branches of the Muslim nation."

The delegation, which comprised Awa and IUMS board member Fahmi Howeidi, met with Hashemi Rafsanjani, Chairman of Iran's Expediency Council, Ali Larijani, Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council, and Ali Akbar Wilayati, adviser of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.

They also met with Foreign Minister Manuchehr Mottaki and Ayatollah Mohammed Ali Al Taskhiri, Secretary General of the World Forum for Proximity of Islamic Thought.

"The response of the Iranian officials was very positive," said Awa.

Sunni-Shiite tensions have been running high in Iraq since the 2003 US invasion-turned-occupation, with a hundred of Iraqis being killed in sectarian violence on a daily basis.

Pakistan has also seen on-and-off sectarian violence over the past years, despite a long history of peaceful co-existence between Sunnis and Shiites.

Iraq Reconciliation

Awa said talks with Iranian officials tackled means of halting sectarian violence gripping Iraq.

"The delegation discussed with the Iranian officials the sectarian killings and forced eviction in Iraq," he added.

Awa pressed for halting bloodletting and reconciling Sunnis and Shiites in the clash-inflicted Iraq.

Convening in Doha on Monday, January 22, some 200 senior Sunni and Shiite scholars and thinkers condemned the raging sectarian strife in Iraq and urged a traded halt of Shiite and Sunni proselytizing.

Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, the IUMS president, told the participants that Tehran does have the power to stop the sectarian violence in Iraq, remarks that drew rebuke from Iranian officials.

"We explained to the Iranian officials that the remarks do not single a departure from Qaradawi's principal position on bridging Sunni-Shiite differences," Awa said.

He denied any link between the statements and the fact that the IUMS delegation did not confer with Khamenei and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

"We met the people we were scheduled," insisted the IUMS secretary general.

The Dublin-based IUMS was launched in July, 2004, in the British capital as an independent body and a reference for all Muslims worldwide.

It has repeatedly urged Iraq's revered Sunni and Shiite scholars to shoulder their responsibility in stemming sectarian-based blood shedding.

Almost 34,000 Iraqis died last year as the raging sectarian violence reached new heights, above all in Baghdad, according to the latest death count published by the government.

The UN says raging violence in Iraq has internally displaced 1.7 million people and that about 2 million more are sheltering outside Iraq, comprising a worrying 12 percent of the total population.

The International Medical Corps (IMC) warned Tuesday, January 30, that up to one million Iraqis would flee their homes in the capital Baghdad within the next six months if the bloody sectarian violence went on unabated.

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Posted by: - 08-13-2006, 04:09 PM - Forum: Western - Replies (207)


1891  The Society of the Elect and the Association of Helpers - (also known as the "Secret Society,"), was created by Cecil Rhodes, Alfred Milner, William T. Stead, Reginald Baliol Brett, and Lord Esher, in London. Rhodes died in 1902, leaving the society, and his fortune, under the control of Milner, who established the Rhodes Scholar program. Good background here.


1910  The Round Table - a periodical, first published by Milner's "Secret Society" for Britain's intellectual community. The writers, and those associated with the publication became known as the Round Table Group, and later, the Chatham House crowd. Comprehensive background.  

1912  Edward Mandell House - published Philip Dru: Administrator,a novel describing how the world could best be governed by a benevolent administrator. House traveled in Europe in 1909, and met Woodrow Wilson November 25, 1911. Chronology: Met Sir Edward Grey (member of Milner's group) in 1913.  

1913  Woodrow Wilson, U.S. President - Edward Mandell House served as Wilson's campaign manager, and then as chief advisor. Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

Federal Reserve Act enacted - creating the first "central bank" in America. Paul Warberg, whose family controlled the Reichsbank in Germany, was the architect of the system.  

1914  World War I Begins - Wilson campaigned against U.S. entry into the war, then entered the war in 1917, one year before it ended.  

1918  Wilson's 14 Points - presented to a joint session of Congress on January 8. The document was developed by Colonel Mandell House and advisors known as the "Inquiry."

The League of Nations - first proposed in The Round Table, in December, in an article entitled The League of Nations: A Practical Suggestion, written by Edward Mandell House and Lionel Curtis, a member of the original Rhodes/Milner "Secret Soceity."  

1919  Paris Peace Conference - House is Wilson's chief deputy at the conference where he expanded his association with leaders of the Milner group.

Genesis of the CFR and RIIA - At a meeting on May 30, at the Majestic Hotel in Paris, Edward M. House, Lionel Curtis, Lord Eustace Percy, Harold Temperley, Herbert Hoover, Christian Herter, James T. Shotwell (Columbia), Charles Seymore (Yale), Archibald C. Coolidge (Harvard), were among 50 individuals who decided to create the Council on Foreign Relations in the U.S., and the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London.

The Treaty of Versailles - signed June 28, ended the war and incorporated The Covenant of the League of Nations as the first 30 Articles - very much as had been proposed by House and Curtis.

1920  League of Nations rejected by U.S. Senate - despite herculean efforts on both sides of the Atlantic.

Royal Institute of International Affairs - organized by the Milner group, housed at the Chatham House in London.  

1921  Council on Foreign Relations - organized as U.S. counterpart to Royal Institute of International Affairs. John W. Davis, attorney to J.P. Morgan, was first president. Paul Warberg and J.D. Rockefeller were among initial funders. Began publishing Foreign Affairs in 1922. Described by Senator Barry Goldwater in 1979.  

1925  Mein Kampf - published by Adolf Hitler.  

1929  Stock Market Crash - Sets the stage for world wide depression, international response, and another war.  

1930  Bank of International Settlements - created in Basel, Switzerland. J.P. Morgan & Company, and others involved with the creation of the Federal Reserve, were among the founders.  

1932  Franklin D. Roosevelt - begins his presidency amid the great depression. "The New Deal" was formulated by leftist, Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture, and Secretary of State, Cordell Hulll, who, as a Senator, supported Wilson's League of Nations. Hull began drafting a United Nations Charter two weeks after Pearl Harbor.

1933  The Wilderness Society - founded by Bob Marshall, a socialist.  

1936  National Wildlife Federation - founded.

1938  World marches toward war - A chronology of events leading to World War II, the event which gave rise to the United Nations.  

1941  FDR delivers "Four Freedoms" speech - (January 6), and the Atlantic Conference (August 14), embody the idea of disarming sovereign nations under international authority.

Declaration of War on Japan (December 8); Declaration of War on Germany (December 11).  

1942  Declaration by "United Nations" - first official use of the name "United Nations," suggested by Roosevelt. Chronnology of related events.  

1943  Moscow Conference - Articles 5 - 7 refer to "United Nations" and post-war permanent organization.

United Nations Association - created by Eleanor Roosevelt.  

1944  Bretton Woods Agreements - created the World Bank , and the International Monetary Fund . Henry Morganthau delivered the closing address. (Background and conference details.)

Dumbarton Oaks Conversations - produce the draft recommendations for a United Nations organization. The U.S. Team, led by Edward Stettinius, included Alger Hiss, Ralph Bunche, Leo Pasvolsky, and Grayson Kirk. Overview of the meeting.  

1945  Yalta Conference - (February) reached agreement on U.N. draft recommendations and set the date for U.N. conference. Germany surrenders (May 7).

U.N. Charter - signed June 26, in San Francisco. Ratified by Senate (89-2) July 28.

International Court of Justice - established in The Hague.

August 6, & 9, atomic bombs dropped on Japan. Japan surrenders (August 14).

UNESCO - created in London, November 16.  

1946  U.S. joins UNESCO - Julian Huxley, president of the Eugenics Society, and author of "The New Divinity", first Director. Socialist Joseph Needham, appointed Director of Natural Science.

World Health Organization created.

1947  World Federalist Association - founded in Asheville, North Carolina

World Federalist Movement - founded in Switzerland.

1948  IUCN Created - by Julian Huxley, in Geneva. Headquarters in Gland, Switzerland The U.S. Government, and several agencies are members.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights - adopted by U.N. General Assembly

Environmental Education - concept introduced to the U.N. by the IUCN.  

1949  UNESCO Publication 356 - "Toward World Understanding."  

1951  The Nature Conservancy - organized.

1959  United Nations Development Program - evolved to maturity.  

1960  Temple of Understanding - organized in New York. Dr. Robert Muller on Advisory Board.  

1961  Freedom From War - State Department Publication 7277, setting forth U.S. disarmament policy in favor of U.N. peacekeeping.

World Wildlife Fund - organized by Julian Huxley and IUCN.  

1964  Wilderness Act of 1964 - and how it came to be.

UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development established.  

1968  ECOSOC Resolution 1296 - directed by Dr. Robert Muller, establishes "Consultative Status" for NGOs (non-government organizations). Lucis Trust among first NGOs accredited.

Club of Rome - organized, and published Limits to Growth.  

1970  First Earth Day - founder, Gaylord Nelson. Another view of Earth Day.

World Conference on Religion and Peace - opened headquartrs at the U.N. Center. Held conference in Kyoto, Japan, was accredited by ECOSOC in 1973.

Environmental Protection Agency - created.  

1971  RAMSAR Treaty on Wetlands - signed in Ramsar, Iran. IUCN driving force behind RAMSAR.  

1972  Clean Water Act - passed by Congress. Wetland definition expanded by lawsuit brought by National Wildlife Federation, resulting in "Tulloch" decision in 1993. Tulloch overturned in 1997.

World Heritage Convention - adopted by UNESCO. Technical Review.

Earth Summit I - First U.N. Conference on Environment. Maurice Strong Conference leader.

James Parks Morton became dean of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City.  

1973  CITES Signed - (March 3 - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). IUCN and WWF driving force behind CITES. Endangered Species Act - became U.S. law.

U.N. Environment Program - launched with Maurice Strong first Executive Director.

Trilateral Commission - formed, most participants also members of Council on Foreign Relations.

UNEP's Regional Seas Program - expands environmental outreach. Survey of U.S. participation.  

1975  Belgrade Charter - Global Framework for Environmental Education. Promoted by NAAEE  

1976  HABITAT I - adopts U.N. policy on land. William K. Reilly and Carla Hills signed for U.S.

Federal Land Policy Management Act - adopted.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights - becomes international law.

UNIFEM - created to promote womens' rights.

1978  Global Taxation - first proposed by James Tobin. Current status.  

1979  U.S. MAB - (Man and the Biosphere Program) launched by agency agreement with UNESCO.

First World Climate Conference - held in Geneva, Switzerland.

World Core Curriculum - introduced by Dr. Robert Muller, through the Robert Muller Schools.

CEDAW - (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women) adopted by the U.N. General Assembly.

1980  World Conservation Strategy - published jointly by UNEP, IUCN, and WWF.

MacBride Commission - (International Commission for the Study of Communications Problems. Report: Many Voices, One World. Chaired by Sean MacBride. Early efforts to control communications.

Brandt Commission - (Independent Commission on International Development) chaired by Willy Brandt. Report: North-South: A Program for Survival linked economic equity to development and was beginning of "sustainable development" concept.  

1982  Palme Commission - (Independent Commission on Disarmament and Security Issues). Report: Common Security: A Blueprint For Survival linked security to development. Chaired by Olof Palme.

World Resources Institute - organized with help from Russell E. Train. Gustave Speth first director.

World Charter for Nature - precursor to the Earth Charter.

U.N. Convention on the Law of the seas - which created the International Seabed Authority.  

1985  U.N. Convention on Ozone Depleting Substances - adopted in Vienna, Austria.  

1987  Montreal Protocol - converts voluntary Ozone Treaty into international law.

Brundtland Commission - (World Commission on Environment and Development). Report: Our Common Future, which defined "sustainable development". Chaired by Gro Harlem Brundtland. Members included Shridath Ramphal and Maurice Strong .

Institute for Global Communications - created by the Tides Fouundtion to facilitate NGO communications.  

1988  Global Forum on Human Survival - held in Oxford, England. Co-sponsored by the Temple of Understanding and the U.N. Committee on Parliamentarians and Population, chaired by James Parks Morton. James Lovelock was the featured speaker. Complete background here .

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - created by WMO and UNEP.  

1989  Berlin Wall falls - (November 9), USSR begins to disintegrate.

Convention on Rights of the Child - adopted by the U.N.

Climate Action Network - created in Germany to promote climate treaty.

1990  Global Forum on Human Survival - held in Moscow, hosted by Mikhail Gorbachev, and Javier Perez de Cuellar, chaired by James Parks Morton.

World Summit for Children - held in New York; adopted Plan of Action.

Women's Environment and Development Organization (WEDO) - created by Bella Abzug.

International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) - created at the invitation of the U.N.,to advance Agenda 21 at the local level.

1991  Caring for the Earth - published jointly by UNEP, IUCN, and WWF.

Stockholm Initiative on Global Security and Governance - origin of Commission on Global Goverance.  

1992  Commission on Global Governance - established. Willy Brandt, with the blessings of Boutros Boutros-Ghali, appointed Ingvar Carlsson and Shridath Ramphal (IUCN president) as co-chairs.

Global Biodiversity Strategy - published jointly by UNEP, IUCN, WWF, and WRI.

U.N. Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) - Rio de Janeiro. Chaired by Maurice Strong. Produced: Agenda 21; Convention on Biological Diversity; Framework Convention on Climate Change; Statement of Forest Principles; and the Rio Declaration.

U.N. Commission on Sustainable Development - created to advance Agenda 21.

Earth Council - created in Costa Rica by Maurice Strong to coordinate global implementation of Agenda 21 through "National Councils" on Sustainable Development.

National Religious Partnership for the Environment - outgrowth of Temple of Understanding's "Joint Appeal."

The Wildlands Project - published by Dave Foreman, co-founder of Earth First!. Project seeks to convert half of America to wilderness.

1993  President's Council on Sustainable Development - created by Executive Order No. 12852 to implement Agenda 21 in America, co-chaired by WRI president, Jonathan Lash.

First Meridian Conference on Global Governance - held in Bolinas, California.

World Conference on Human Rights - in Vienna.

Green Cross - founded by Mikhail Gorbachev.

BIONET - created to promote Convention on Biological Diversity.

1994  World Trade Organization - formed at Uruguay round of GATT negotiations.

U.N. Conference on Population and Development - in Cairo  

1995  World Summit on Social Development - in Copenhagen.

Commission on Sustainable Development - met in New York.

Fourth World Women's Congress - in Beijing. Documents.

State of the World Forum - San Francisco, hosted by Mikhail Gorbachev and Maruice Strong.

Our Global Neighborhood - final report released by the Commission on Global Governance.

Analysis - of Commission report.

Global Biodiversity Assessment - released by UNEP. Coordinated by Robert Watson.  

1996  U.N. Conference on Human Settlements (HABITAT II) - Istanbul. Community Sustainability , U.S. HUD's report to the conference. Instanbul Declaration on Human Settlements.

Campaign for U.N. Reform - organized to lobby for global governance.  

1997  Al Gore's report - to the U.N. at Rio +5. A broader view of Agenda 21 implementation.

Kyoto Protocol - Adopted in Kyoto, Japan. Converts voluntary climate change treaty to binding international law. On-site reports.

International Conference on Environment and Society - sponsored by UNESCO in Thessaloniki. Survey of environmental education movement.  

1998  International Criminal Court - created in Rome. On-site reports from Rome.

International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) - created to lobby for U.N. gun control.

U.N. Climate Change Conference - in Buenos Aires.

1999  Charter for Global Democracy - consolidates recommendations of Commission on Global Governance into 12 principles.

World NGO Conference - held in Canada to promote plan for "The Peoples Assembly."

U.N. Climate Change Conference - in Bonn.  

2000  Earth Charter - final draft.

NGO Millennium Forum - New York, precursor to "The People's Assembly."

UNDPI/NGO Forum - August 28 - 30, New York (to strengthen "Civil Society" in UN operations)

Millennium Peace Summit of Religious and Spiritual Leaders - August 28 - 31, New York

State of the World Forum - September 4 - 10, New York

Millennium Assembly - September 5 - 8, New York

Millennium Summit - September 6 -8, New York



1776-1783 Colonial America as a plutocracy  

1787  Many Tories (British sympathisizers) side with British against America during American Revolution        

1791 Shays Rebellion

Federalist leaders Alexander Hamilton and John Adams perpetrate a coup d'etat at the Constitutional Convention. A plutocratic constitution  

1791-1801 The First Bank of the United States created by Alexander Hamilton; precursor to Federal Reserve System: private bankers controlling American money and finance  

1811 John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and the Federalist Party take control of all branches of government and destroy Constitutional liberties   Thomas Jefferson saves the United States from devolving into a Federalist (cabal) dictatorship; Madison and Monroe allow themselves to retreat from Jeffersonian principles  - Congress voted to abandon the First National Bank

1816: Second National Bank of the United States chartered   Second National Bank largely controlled by foreign investors through front men such as John Jacob Astor and David Parish, a New York agent for the Vienna branch of the Rothschild money interest. Nicholas Biddle runs 2nd Natl. Bank to benefit foreign owners, not Americans  

1832: President Jackson vetoed 2nd National Bank recharter; Amos Kendall speech;

1833: Jackson removed deposits from Second National bank; Biddle retaliated by creating a panic to blackmail government for recharter;

1834: Biddle forced to stop bank panic; 5/6 of people in prison are debtors;

1837: Currency inflation caused a panic and banks refused to redeem currency for hard money;

1840: President Van Buren created U.S. Treasury; payments to federal agencies in hard money; 10 hour work limit for federal employees  Federalist cabal adopted propaganda as major strategy; William H. Seward and Thurlow Weed the Federalist Karl Roves; Whig Federalists such as William Harrison packaged as populists; Horace Greeley the Federalist Rupert Murdock;

1841-43: the Dorr rebellion  

1844: Residual Jacksonian sentiment elected Polk;

1848: Jacksonian Democratic party took anti-slavery stance; Federalist Whigs won presidency;

Compromise of 1850;

Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854  The Whig and Democratic parties were now both indistinguably pro-slavery and pro-capitalist; the Jacksonian element of the Democratic party had entered the Republican party or felt that abolition of northern wage slavery should come first    

1862: Rothschilds retaliate against U.S. -- Secession and the Civil War -

Lincoln and emancipation -- Post Civil War -- Southern whites regain control

Foreign fatcats benefit from American Civil War

1864: Lincoln asks Tsar of Russia for help in the Civil War; Tsar sends his fleet to anchor off New York and California, warning British, French and Spanish to stay out

1863: Rothschild agent John D. Rockefeller forms oil business called Standard Oil  

1881: President James A. Garfield states two weeks before he was assassinated: “Whoever controls the volume of money in our country is absolute master of all industry and commerce…and when you realize that the entire system is very easily controlled, one way or another, by a few powerful men at the top, you will not have to be told how periods of inflation and depression originate.”  

The Rothschilds and their agents in the U.S. foment the Crash of 1893

The Northern Pacific Railway, the Union Pacific Railroad and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad all failed. This was followed by the bankruptcy of many other companies; in total over 15,000 companies and 500 banks failed (many in the West). About 17%-19% of the workforce was unemployed at the Panic's peak.  

1907: Rothschild agent, Jacob Schiff, head of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., in a speech to the New York Chamber of Commerce:

“Unless we have a Central Bank with adequate control of credit resources, this country is going to undergo the most severe and far reaching money panic in its history.”

The Rothschilds and their agents in the U.S. foment the Panic of 1907

The concocted panics are for the purpose of scaring Americans into a central bank    The Rothschilds and their agents in the U.S. (the cabal) create the Federal Reserve System

Congressman Charles Lindbergh condemns the passing of the Federal Reserve Act on December 23: “The Act establishes the most gigantic trust on earth. When the President signs this Bill, the invisible government of the monetary power will be legalized . . . The greatest crime of the ages is perpetrated by this banking and currency bill.”

1914: Rothschilds own the three European news agencies, Wolff in Germany, Reuters in England, and Havas in France and manipulate the European people into a fervor for war; the cabal adopts "never-ending war" policy  World War I: 10 million killed and 20 million die from hunger and disease related to the war

1919: Following the end of the first world war, Baron Edmund de Rothschild hosts the Versailles Peace Conference: reparations that the Germans must pay to the victors are decided N. M. Rothschild & Sons is given a permanent role to fix the world’s daily gold price. This takes place in the City of London offices, daily at 1100 hours, in the same room until 2004.   President Roosevelt saves capitalism from itself

The cabal-controlled United States engages in imperialism and foments a second World War

The cabal continues its attack on Constitutional liberties  1954: Supreme Court struck down the "separate but equal" doctrine that it had defended since the 1890s

1955: Rosa Parks arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for disobeying segregation law

1956: Supreme Court outlawed segregation on local bus lines

Dr. Martin Luther King begins his national non-violent desegregation campaign  June 4, 1963:

President John F. Kennedy opposed the Federal Reserve System - Executive Order 11,110

JFK assassinated on November 22

1964: Gulf of Tonkin subterfuge and resolution

Popular dissent against Vietnam War

Daniel Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers  

1971: President Nixon ended international redeemability of Federal Reserve Notes, de facto declaring American bankruptcy

1972: Nixon travels to China

1972: Watergate and Nixon's resignation

Cabal attacks American Presidency and national integrity: assassinated JFK, installed Nixon the crook, backed peanut farmer Jimmy Carter and Hollywood actor Ronnie Reagan, allowed Bush I to commit multiple crimes (S&L, Iran-Contra), installed Clinton the sex addict, and perpetrated a coup d'etat to put the moron Bush II into office

A "lone psychotic assassin" sidelines Ronnie Reagan and Bush I becomes de facto President

Clinton carries out cabal orders of instituting NAFTA, re-ordering Europe with the Kosovo war, and perpetrating the Waco extermination and the Oklahoma City bombing

Cabal begins a policy of barbaric annihilation, militaristic imperialism, police state dictatorship, war profiteering, rampant criminality, decimation of the American citizenry, and economic cannibalism

Cabal steals 2000 and 2004 elections for Bush II, plans and carries out 9/11 atrocity, economically plunders other nations through the contrivance of the American dollar, murders American military personnel, and enslaves American workers through vulture capitalism

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  Is the Bush Regime a Sponsor of State Terrorism?
Posted by: - 05-30-2006, 04:01 PM - Forum: - Replies (3)

[b][size=x-large][color=red]Is the Bush Regime a Sponsor of State Terrorism?
The Evil Within[/color][/size]
By Paul Craig Roberts[/b]


[b]05/29/06 "Counterpunch" -- -- Is the Bush regime a sponsor of state terrorism?[/b]

A powerful case can be made that it is.

In the past three years the Bush Regime has murdered tens of thousands of Iraqi civilians and an unknown number of Afghan ones.

US Marines, our finest and proudest military force, are under criminal investigation for breaking into Iraqi homes and murdering entire families. In an unprecedented event, General Michael Hagee, the Marine Corps commandant, has found it necessary to fly to Iraq to tell our best trained troops to stop murdering civilians.

General Hagee found it necessary to tell the U.S. Marines: "We do not employ force just for the sake of employing force. We use lethal force only when justified, proportional, and most importantly, lawful."

The war criminals in the Bush Regime have dismissed the murders as "collateral damage," but they are in fact murders. Otherwise, there would be no criminal investigations, and the Marine commandant would not be burdened with the embarrassment of having to fly to Iraq to lecture US Marines on the lawful use of force.

The criminal Bush Regime has now murdered more Iraqis than Saddam Hussen. The Bush Regime is also responsible for 20,000 US casualties (dead, maimed for life, and wounded).

Bush damns the "axis of evil." But who has the "axis of evil" attacked? Iran has attacked no one. North Korea has attacked no country for more than a half century. Iraq attacked Kuiwait a decade and a half ago, apparently after securing permission from the US ambassador.

Isn't the real axis of evil Bush-Blair-Olmert? Bush and Blair have attacked two countries, slaughtering their citizens. Olmert is urging them on to attack a third country--Iran.

Where does the danger to the world reside? In Iran, a small religious country where the family is intact and the government is constrained by religious authority and ancient traditions, or in the US where propaganda rules and the powerful executive branch has removed itself from accountability by breaking the constitutional restraints on its power?

Why is the US superpower orchestrating fear of puny Iran?

The US government has spent the past half century interfering in the internal affairs of other countries, overthrowing or assassinating their chosen leaders and imposing its puppets on foreign peoples. To what country has Iran done this, or Iraq, or North Korea?

Americans think that they are the salt of the earth. The hubris that comes from this self-righteous belief makes Americans blind to the evil of their leaders. How can American leaders be evil when Americans are so good and so wonderful?

How many Serbs were slaughtered by American bombs released from high above the clouds, and for what reason? Who even remembers the propagandistic lies that the Clinton administration told us about why we absolutely had to drop bombs on the Serbs?

Wasn't it evil for the US to bomb Iraq for a decade and to embargo medicines for children? When US Secretary of State M. Albright was asked if she thought an embargo that resulted in the deaths of 500,000 Iraqi children was justified, she replied, "yes."

The former terrible tyrant ruler of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, is on trial for killing 150 people. The US government murdered 500,000 Iraqi children prior to Bush's invasion. When the US government murders people, whether Serbs, Branch Davidians at Waco, or Iraqi women and children, it is "collateral damage." But we put Saddam Hussein on trial for putting down rebellions.

Gentle reader, do you believe that the Bush Regime will not shoot you down in the streets if you have a rebellion?

[b]Paul Craig Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury in the Reagan administration. He was Associate Editor of the Wall Street Journal editorial page and Contributing Editor of National Review. He is coauthor of The Tyranny of Good Intentions.He can be reached at: paulcraigroberts@yahoo.com[/b]


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